Most of the time, homeless people worry about where they are going to sleep at night and whether they are going to eat anything other than the type of food they are eating. Because of this, many homeless people struggle with malnutrition. This review analyzes nutrition and related health problems among homeless Americans, summarizes recent information, and identifies needs for future services and research. The nature of homelessness today provides a context for discussion.
Many homeless people eat fewer meals a day, lack food more often, and are more likely to have an inadequate diet and a worse nutritional status than people staying in the U.S. UU. However, many homeless people who qualify for food stamps don't get them. While public and private agencies provide nutritious food and meals to the homeless, the availability of services for the homeless is limited.
Many homeless people lack adequate medical care, and certain nutrition-related health problems prevail among them. Compared to housed populations, alcoholism, anemia, and growth problems are more common among the homeless, and pregnancy rates are higher. The risks of malnutrition, nutrition-related health problems, drug and alcohol abuse, and mental illness vary among people who are homeless. For example, among the homeless, there are fewer heads of household than single adults who use substances, and the prevalence of mental illness varies between single men, single women, and parents of homeless families.
Homeless people need better access to food, nutrition and health services. They must have more nutrition education for themselves and for service providers. The use of representative samples and the validation of self-reported nutrition and health data will help future researchers clarify the relationships between the characteristics of homeless people and their nutritional status. Hunger has long been associated with extreme poverty and homelessness.
However, the growing lack of constant access to nutritious foods causes everyone to talk. While food insecurity can be a problem in any community, it is often compounded by the lack of support and belonging that comes with living in poverty. Social support is essential to prevent and combat food insecurity and its related problems, such as obesity and other preventable diseases. One that becomes intergenerational and directly affects a person's ability to succeed in school and find employment.
These symptoms reduce people's ability to cope with life on the street and can make it difficult for them to access housing and services. Higher rates of food insecurity in moderate to low income households in the United States (and not just those living at or below the poverty level) have made this topic a hot topic. Although it occurred in all communities, it affected homeless people, communities of color, people with a pre-existing medical condition, and extremely poor people more than those who had access to health care, had their basic needs met, had adequate nutrition, and lived healthy lives before the pandemic. Food insecurity may not be the cause of homelessness, but those who experience it on a regular basis are at much greater risk of homelessness.
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